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AI7.8 - Promotion to Production

This topic is intended to enable collaboration and sharing of information to facilitate a better understanding and approach to implementing this COBIT control objective based on the risk, value and guidance provided by its corresponding control practices.

COBIT Control Objective AI7.8 - Promotion to Production is contained within Process Popup Install and Accredit Solutions and Changes.

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Promotion to Production

Following testing, control the handover of the changed system to operations, keeping it in line with the implementation plan. Obtain approval of the key stakeholders, such as users, system owner and operational management. Where appropriate, run the system in parallel with the old system for a while, and compare behaviour and results.

View value and Risk Drivers  help

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Value Drivers

  • An agreed-upon and standardised approach for promoting changes into production in an efficient and effective manner
  • Formally defined expectations and performance measurement
  • Consistent change procedure
  Risk Drivers
  • Segregation of duties violations
  • Systems exposed to fraud or other malicious acts
  • No rollback to previous application system version possible

View Control Practices  help

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  1. Ensure that a formal process for application, system and configuration transfer from testing to the production environment exists. Ensure that the process is in accordance with organisational change management standards.
  2. Ensure that the approval process clearly identifies effective dates for promotion to production of new systems, applications or infrastructure, as appropriate. Ensure that the approval process clearly identifies effective dates for retirement of old systems, applications or infrastructure, as appropriate.
  3. Ensure that the approval process includes a formal documented sign-off from business process owners, third parties and IT stakeholders, as appropriate (e.g., development group, security group, database management, user support and operations group).
  4. Consider the extent of parallel processing of the old and new system in line with the implementation plan.
  5. Promptly update all copies of system documentation and configuration information, including backup copies stored offsite, for software, hardware, operating personnel and system users before a new or modified system is implemented. Promptly update relevant contingency plan documents, as appropriate.
  6. Ensure that all source program libraries are updated promptly with the version of the program being transferred from testing to the production environment. Ensure that the existing version and its supporting documentation are archived. Ensure that promotion to production of systems, application software and infrastructure is under configuration control.
  7. In high-risk environments, consider obtaining from the testing function the media used for implementation to ensure that the software implemented is unchanged from what has been tested.
  8. Where distribution of systems or application software is conducted electronically, control automated software distribution to ensure that users are notified and distribution occurs only to authorised and correctly identified destinations. Implement checks in the distribution process to verify that the destination environment is of the correct standard implementation and version prior to the new software being installed and to ensure implementation on the approved effective date. Include in the release process backout procedures to enable the distribution of software changes to be reviewed in the event of a malfunction or error.
  9. Where distribution takes physical form, keep a formal log of what software and configuration items have been distributed, to whom, where they have been implemented, and when each has been updated. Implement a procedure to ensure the log’s integrity and completeness. Ensure that there are checks in the physical distribution process to ensure implementation on the approved effective date.
  10. Update all program copies in use in the production environment with the version being transferred from testing to the production environment in accordance with the implementation plan.

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13 Aug 2018
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2018 GRC Conference - 13-15 August , Nashville, TN. Explore the future of Governance Risk and Control through expert-led workshops and sessions developed by the IIA and ISACA. Register early for our GRC learning tracks.

Journal Articles: 138 total

Volume 3, 2107
by Jayakumar Sundaram, CISA, ISO 27001 LA
The SoA is a continuously updated and controlled document that provides an overview of information security implementation.
Volume 1, 2018
by Mike Van Stone, CISA, CISSP, CPA, and Ben Halpert
Ever-changing laws continue to increase the risk and cost of noncompliance when unintentional data losses occur.
Volume 1, 2018
by Mohammed J. Khan, CISA, CRISC, CIPM
To facilitate and administer the implementation of controls around the subject of big data, one must truly understand the concepts of deidentification, reidentification and anonymization.
Volume 1, 2018
by Adeniyi Akanni, Ph. D., CISA, CRISC, ITIL
This article describes a six-stage cycle of implementing big data in commercial banks, points out the major challenges in implementation and provides a suggested solution.
Volume 1, 2018
by Andrew Clark
With advances in computing power, the abundance of data storage and recent advances in algorithm design, machine learning is increasingly being utilized by corporations to...
Volume 1, 2018
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While today everyone worships their smartphones as if the device itself demands their constant and public attention, there’s a new transformative technology that’s even more pervasive...

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