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PO2.3 - Data Classification Scheme

This topic is intended to enable collaboration and sharing of information to facilitate a better understanding and approach to implementing this COBIT control objective based on the risk, value and guidance provided by its corresponding control practices.

COBIT Control Objective PO2.3 - Data Classification Scheme is contained within Process Popup Define the Information Architecture

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Data Classification Scheme

Establish a classification scheme that applies throughout the enterprise, based on the criticality and sensitivity (e.g., public, confidential, top secret) of enterprise data. This scheme should include details about data ownership; definition of appropriate security levels and protection controls; and a brief description of data retention and destruction requirements, criticality and sensitivity. It should be used as the basis for applying controls such as access controls, archiving or encryption.

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Value Drivers

  • Ensured availability of information that supports decision making
  • The focus of security investments based on criticality
  • Defined accountability for information integrity, availability and security
  • Data access consistently permitted based on defined security levels
  Risk Drivers
  • Inappropriate security requirements
  • Inadequate or excessive investments in security controls
  • Occurrence of privacy, data confidentiality, integrity and availability incidents
  • Non-compliance with regulatory or third-party requirements
  • Inefficient or inconsistent information for decision making

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  1. Create a classification scheme that defines attributes for data classification, such as data ownership, definition of security levels (confidentiality, integrity and availability), a brief description of data retention and destruction requirements.
  2. Define data classification levels for each of the defined attributes (e.g., for confidentiality: public, internal, confidential).
  3. Identify business owners accountable for information (data owners).
  4. Ensure that the data owner classifies all information using the defined scheme and levels. Classification covers the whole life cycle of information from creation to disposal. Where an asset has been assessed as having a certain classification, any component inherits the same classification.
  5. Make owners understand the consequences of the classification, and balance security needs against cost considerations and other business requirements considering the value of the assets they own.
  6. Ensure that information and data are labelled, handled, protected and otherwise secured in a manner consistent with the data classification categories.

Discussions: 1 total

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Hi, I am performing an analysis on the impact of combining Internal and Confidential classification of information and the impact on Company policies and standards.  For example, what is the impact (riks and/or value) of combining Internal and Confidentia...
AdamPC | 11/2/2015 1:42:14 PM | COMMENTS(0)

Documents & Publications: 40 total

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Events & Online Learning: 6 total

15 Jun 2015
ISACA International Event
Ciudad de México, Mexico
13 Aug 2018
ISACA International Event
Nashville, Tennessee, US
2018 GRC Conference - 13-15 August , Nashville, TN. Explore the future of Governance Risk and Control through expert-led workshops and sessions developed by the IIA and ISACA. Register early for our GRC learning tracks.

Journal Articles: 119 total

Volume 4, 2018
by Robert E. Davis, DBA, CISA, CICA
How organizational representatives communicate about technological innovation is often a significant factor in the success or failure of innovation management.
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by Amelia Ho, CISA, CISM, CA, CFE, CIA, CISSP, FRM, PMP
Organizations aim to achieve their objectives while managing risk within their risk appetites. A good governance structure for managing risk is to establish three lines of defense.
Volume 4, 2018
by Mehmet Zeki Önal, CISA, CRISC, CGEIT, CCSA, CRMA
From the risk management perspective, the need for data governance exists not only in the insurance sector, but also in all sectors affected by IFRS regulations.
Volume 4, 2018
by Rama Lingeswara Satyanarayana Tammineedi, CISA, CRISC, CBCP, CISSP, MBCI, PMP
Performance evaluation of an organization’s risk management system ensures the risk management process remains continually relevant to the organization’s business strategies and objectives.
Volume 4, 2018
by Ramón Serres, CGEIT, CISM, CSX Fundamentals, CCSK, CISSP
Managing cybersecurity or, more specifically, managing cybersecurity risk, is much more than just technology and, in most cases, has nothing to do with having the money to afford state-of-the-art technology.
Volume 3, 2018
by Giuliano Pozza, CGEIT, e-CF Plus (CIO), ITIL v3
The world of information and data management is changing faster than anyone could have predicted a few years ago, and attention to sensitive data protection is growing, as the new GDPR is clearly proving.

Wikis: 2 total

Blog Posts: 30 total

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My personal thoughts after listening to C-level executives at the CxO Roundtable Series sponsored by Intel, IBM, HyTrust & ReedSmith. For an invite, please reach out to me. Data Protection under the GDPR For past few months, I’ve been helping to org...
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16 Jan 2018
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