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This publication contains a detailed mapping of A Guide to the Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK© Guide) Third Edition (2004), with COBIT 4.0, as well as the classification of the standards discussed in this paper as presented in COBIT® Mapping: Overview of International IT Guidance, 2nd Edition.
A brief overview of the standards mapped against each other in this document is as follows:
- COBIT-Originally released as an IT process and control framework linking IT to business requirements, COBIT was initially used mainly by the assurance community in conjunction with business and IT process owners. With the addition of management guidelines in 1998, COBIT is now used increasingly as a framework for IT governance, providing management tools such as metrics and maturity models to complement the control framework. In 2005, ITGI published COBIT 4.0.
- PMBOK© Guide-Described as ‘the sum of knowledge within the profession of project management’, it is an American National Standard ANSI/PMI 99-001-2004. The processes and techniques described in PMBOK are applicable to all projects. However, while they are applicable to projects involving IT, they do not specifically address IT technical, IT management and IT governance issues. PMBOK is aimed at providing a foundational reference for anyone interested in the profession of project management.
COBIT identifies the IT processes that should exist to ensure that IT is aligned with and supports the business in an effective manner. COBIT and its supporting publications identify control objectives, techniques and practices commonly required for each processes. An overview of COBIT is provided in section 3, COBIT Overview.
PMBOK identifies the best practice process for project management, together with the knowledge and techniques required for those processes to be effective. PMBOK can be designed to be applied to any industry, including IT. An overview of PMBOK is provided in section 4, PMBOK Overview.
While the two frameworks are at different levels of focus and detail, they overlap and can be used to support each other, as shown in figure 1.Figure 1—Overlap of COBIT and PMBOK
The primary purpose of this mapping is to provide guidance to IT process owners by identifying the COBIT processes for which PMBOK provides more detailed guidance and to highlight the areas of PMBOK that should be considered for each process. Therefore, the mapping highlights how the processes in PMBOK can support COBIT.
A secondary objective of the mapping is to provide guidance to those using PMBOK as the basis for project management practices as to the areas of COBIT they should be considering when applying the practices to projects involving IT. The mapping also identifies the COBIT control objectives that should be applied during various PMBOK processes.