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Differentiating and Understanding the Benefits of Using, Frameworks, Methodologies, Process, Tools and Techniques

Laurent Renard, CISA, CISM, CGEIT, CRISC, COBIT Foundation, DevOps, GRCP, ITIL Expert, Lean Six Sigma BB, MoP, MSP, P3O, PMIACP, PMI-PBA, PMP, PRINCE2, Resilia, Scrum PSM-PSPO, TOGAF
| Published: 3/14/2016 3:05 PM | Permalink | Email this Post | Comments (0)

There is often a lot of confusion about the concepts of frameworks, methodologies, process, tools and techniques, so the following definitions can help clarify the differences among these concepts.

Framework—A framework is a broad overview, outline or skeleton of interlinked items that supports a particular approach to a specific objective. A framework serves as a guide that can be modified, as needed, by adding or deleting items.

Methodology—A methodology is a system of broad principles or rules from which specific methods or procedures may be derived to interpret or solve different problems within the scope of a particular discipline. Unlike an algorithm, a methodology is not a formula, but a set of practices.

A framework is the “how you do it” and methodology is the “what you do.” Project Management Body of Knowledge (PMBOK) is a framework and PRINCE2 is a methodology. The PMBOK states “This standard is a guide rather than a specific methodology. One can use different methodologies and tools (e.g., PRINCE2) to implement the project management framework.”

Process—A process is a sequence of interdependent and linked procedures that, at every stage, consume 1 or more resources (e.g., employee time, energy, machines, money) to convert inputs (e.g., data, material, parts,) into outputs. These outputs then serve as inputs for the next stage until a known goal or end result is reached.

Tool—A tool is an item or implement used for a specific purpose. A tool can be a physical object, such as mechanical tools including saws and hammers, or a technical object, such as a web authoring tool or software program. Furthermore, a concept can also be considered a tool.

Technique—A technique is a systematic procedure, formula or routine by which a task is accomplished.

Some of the benefits of using frameworks, methodologies, process, tools and techniques are:

  • Common concepts, definitions and approaches
  • Common understanding of steps and roles
  • Increased efficiency
  • Improved maturity
  • Common base of training, reports, analysis
  • Ease of comparisons 

Knowing this, my recent Journal article outlines how frameworks and methodologies can be leveraged to maximize the value of IT.

Read Laurent Renard’s recent Journal article:
Essential Frameworks and Methodologies to Maximize the Value of IT,” ISACA Journal, volume 2, 2016.


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